Much of Shanghai's Jewish Quarter disappeared, but visitors can still see some resemblance on buildings where thousands of refugees lived alongside the city's residents. Explore Hongkew district at the southern Hongkou and southwestern Yangpu districts of modern Shanghai, where it was formally known as the Restricted sector of stateless refugee and discover stories behind each buildings and how it took part during or after the World War II.
The Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum
Located on Changyang Road in the Hongkou District, the Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum was built in memory of the time during the Second World War when Jewish refugees sought sanctuary from massacre. It is housed in the former Ohel Moshe Synagogue where the Jewish refugees gathered for religious activities. The museum holds many scrolls and other cultural relics.
Formally known as the Restricted sector of stateless refugees, this area is approximately one square mile in the Hongkew district of Japanese-occupied Shanghai (the southern Hongkou and southwestern Yangpu districts of modern Shanghai). The area included the community around the Ohel Moshe Synagogue but about 23,000 of the city's Jewish refugees were restricted or relocated to the area from 1941 to 1945 by the Proclamation Concerning Restriction of Residence and Business of Stateless Refugees. It was one of the poorest and most crowded areas of the city. Local Jewish families and American Jewish charities aided them with shelter, food, and clothing.The Japanese authorities increasingly stepped up restrictions, but the ghetto was not walled, and the local Chinese residents, whose living conditions were often as bad, did not leave.
Ohel Rachel Synagogue
Is a Sephardi synagogue in Shanghai, China. Built by Sir Jacob Elias Sassoon in memory of his wife Rachel, it was completed in 1920 and consecrated in 1921. Ohel Rachel is the largest synagogue in the Far East, and one of the only two still standing in Shanghai. Re-purposed first under the Japanese occupation during World War II and again following the Communist conquest of Shanghai in 1949, the synagogue has been a protected architectural landmark of the city since 1994. It was reopened for some Jewish holidays from 1999 and briefly held more regular Shabbat services as part of the 2010 Shanghai Expo.
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